Verbal Reasoning 3: Logic

For questions that deal with the logic part, the main thing is that you can schematize the text and draw the logical conclusion from the relevant part of the text. In fact, these types of questions involve a form of syllogisms, so it may be useful to read the explanation for this topic.

It is important to look very precisely what is in the text and to schematize it. Common examples are:

  • All A are B, doesn't mean a B is always A. If all motorcyclists on the highway wear a helmet, it does not mean that someone wearing a helmet on the highway is a motorcyclist.
  • Double negatives. If you recognize a double negation in the text, it is useful to write it. Look very precisely what the text means:
  • "It is not impossible" means that it is possible. After all, something must be possible or impossible. This can be schematized as: “A is B or C; A is not B ⇒ A is C.
  • “Nobody says it isn't,” doesn't mean there are people who say it is. After all, it is also possible that nobody says "anything" about it.